Other Microbial Genomic
NIFA is involved in many other microbial
- NIFA funds research on microbes
in animal systems. Animal pathogens
pose threats to livestock as well as
human health. Such pathogens can be viruses,
bacteria, or internal and external parasites.
Animal ruminant bacteria include many
microbial species that benefit animal
agriculture. They play a critical role
in controlling the ruminal breakdown
of cellulose and other structural carbohydrates
of plant cell walls.
- Microbes in plant
systems have tremendous impacts on
plant health, both positively and negatively.
Microbial pathogens can reduce yields
of their plant hosts. Microbial biological
control agents can help protect plants
from disease, thereby increasing yields.
By providing new information about a
microorganism's genetic complement, genomics
promises to offer more effective strategies
for controlling plant disease.
in foods can affect the safety of
foods, create new foods, or increase
the efficiency of food production. Producers,
processors, and consumers consistently
rank food safety as a high priority.
Microbial genomics provides unprecedented
opportunities to improve detection and
control of foodborne pathogens. Microorganisms
often play a very useful role in terms
of food processing and production of
new foods. Through microbial genomics,
we can better harness the power of microorganisms
to produce higher quality foods and more
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