Jennifer Martin, (202) 720-8188
By Stacy Kish, CSREES Staff
June 26, 2008
Eco-labeling is a new certification program similar to the organic label, but goes beyond the organic concept by reflecting new land management practices for the entire farm ecosystem, including non-crop lands. With funding from USDA's Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (CSREES), a team of scientists, growers and environmentalists in Wisconsin developed the "Healthy Grown" label to reflect this land management practice to promote balanced agricultural management and support broad ecosystem health.
Dr. Paul Zedler from the University of Wisconsin, in collaboration with the World Wildlife Fund and the Wisconsin Potato and Vegetable Growers Association, is studying the biodiversity and ecological benefit of non-crop lands in agricultural landscapes.
Returning to natural vegetation has the benefit of sustaining biologically diverse ecosystems and minimizing management costs. The investigators expanded on an existing integrated pest management model to understand insect population density and diversity changes among different habitats. By controlling for beneficial insects, investigators feel it may be possible to reduce the application of chemical insecticides. The group is also using bird populations as indicators of ecological function and ecosystem health.
Farmers who produce Healthy Grown foods participate in demonstrations, presentations and discussions at field day events to encourage others to adopt these management techniques. In addition, the project educates consumers of the link between food grown with healthy land management practices and ecosystem services. The eco-label lets consumers know that producers grow foods following specific environmental standards and practices to ensure ecosystem health.
The Natural Community standard protocol for certification, developed in 2006, is a direct result of the team's work. The program includes identification of non-crop land near crop fields and the selection of management activities, such as prescribed burning and invasive weed removal, to increase biodiversity on these lands. The program also requires farm monitoring to validate increased environmental services.
The certification standard will expand land management practices into a broader ecosystem perspective and increase the presence of beneficial insect species, alternative pest control practices and environment biodiversity. It will also help reduce the application of chemicals that are harmful to the environment and costly to producers.
CSREES funded this research project through the National Research Initiative's Managed Ecosystems program. Through federal funding and leadership for research, education and extension programs, CSREES focuses on investing in science and solving critical issues impacting people's daily lives and the nation's future. For more information, visit www.csrees.usda.gov.