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AFRI Sustainable Agricultural Systems RFA Frequently Asked Questions

These are some Frequently Asked Questions about the AFRI Sustainable Agricultural Systems program.

General Questions

Who should I contact if I have a question about my application?

General questions should be sent to All associated National Program Leaders (NPLs) listed in the RFA have access to the SAS email and can reply to questions. Additionally, applicants can contact the specific NPLs listed in the RFA.

What are integrated projects?

Projects submitted under the AFRI SAS RFA must be “fully” integrated and address all three NIFA activity functions (i.e., research, education, and extension). The functions should be interdependent and necessary for the success of the project, and no more than two-thirds of the project’s budget may focus on any single component. For additional information on submission of integrated project types, please see pages 3-5 of “AFRI Project Types” in the attachments list located on the AFRI RFA Resources page.

What are the eligibility requirements for projects submitted to the AFRI SAS program?

The SAS Program Area Priority is requesting only integrated project applications. Eligible applicants for integrated projects include colleges and universities, 1994 land-grant institutions (tribal colleges), and Hispanic-serving agricultural colleges and universities that are degree granting.

Eligible institutions do not include foreign and international organizations. See Part III, C of the RFA for more details on eligibility for integrated projects.

What is a FASE grant and what are the eligibility requirements for FASE grants?

Food and Agricultural Science Enhancement (FASE) grants help institutions develop competitive projects and attract new scientists and educators to careers in high priority areas of national need in agriculture, food, and environmental sciences. FASE Grants have additional eligibility requirements; please see Part II, D of the RFA for details. For more information, visit the FASE Grants website, which includes a link to separate FAQs for FASE.

Can I submit a proposal for a conference or workshop to the AFRI SAS program?

No, the AFRI SAS program is not accepting applications for conference grants or workshops.

Where can I find definitions of terms used in the AFRI SAS RFA?

Commonly used terms and acronyms are defined at the end of the RFA. For additional definitions, refer to the SAS Glossary.

What resources are available on the systems approach request for AFRI SAS projects?

Applicants are encouraged to consult the definitions and examples of the food and agricultural systems in:

I submitted my proposal previously to AFRI SAS, but was not funded. Can I resubmit to the SAS program?

Resubmitted applications are allowed for A9201, however, an LOI is still required for FY 2022. Please see the instructions in Part II, B of the RFA which specify additional information (e.g., one-page “Response to Previous Review”) needed in resubmitted applications. Applications that were not submitted in 2021 but were submitted any previous year and are being submitted again in 2022 are considered resubmissions and should be marked as such. The SAS goals change from year to year, so you should ensure that your application appropriately covers goal(s) as outlined in Part I, C. Please read the RFA and associated instructions thoroughly.

Can projects with smaller budgets apply to the AFRI SAS program?

There is no minimum budget specified for projects, only a maximum budget as indicated in the RFA. In order to ensure that you submit a competitive project, we urge all potential applicants to carefully read the complete RFA.

Please keep in mind that AFRI SAS A9201 program area priority "is soliciting creative and visionary project applications developed by transdisciplinary teams that integrate research, education, and extension activities and effectively use a systems approach to promote convergence of science and technology" to address one or more of the long-term goals listed in the RFA. The requested budgets should be sufficient to support such projects.

Are there examples of previously funded projects for the AFRI SAS Program?

Yes. You can read more about the selected projects through this link of previously funded projects.

What is the budget for the FY 2021 AFRI SAS RFA?

The amount available for new grants in this FY 2021 SAS RFA is approximately $150 million, for awards of up to $10 million each.

The AFRI SAS RFA covers one grant review cycle in FY 2021 using funding from FY 2020 and FY 2021 budgets. The AFRI SAS RFA is being released prior to the passage of an appropriations act for FY 2021. Enactment of additional continuing resolutions or a full appropriations act may affect the availability or level of funding for this program.

When will the next AFRI SAS RFA be posted?

The FY 2022 AFRI SAS RFA has been posted. If you’re interested in signing up for notifications from for all AFRI RFA postings including modifications to RFAs, there are instructions on how to do so on our website.

Will you be holding an informational webinar on the FY 2021 AFRI SAS RFA?

This cycle will not have a webinar. Instead, a series of informational videos will be available on the SAS program website. Please check the SAS program page for updates.

Letter of Intent Questions

Is a Letter of Intent (LOI) required to submit a full application?

Yes, submission of an LOI prior to the LOI deadline is required for submission of a full proposal for AFRI SAS. NIFA adheres tightly to its published deadlines and LOIs submitted after the published deadline will not be considered. Proposals that are submitted that did not submit an LOI by the published deadline will not be reviewed.

What information should be included in a Letter of Intent and what are the formatting guidelines?

For detailed guidance on LOI submission, see the AFRI RFA Resources page “AFRI Letter of Intent Instructions” in the attachments list).

LOIs for the SAS Program  must be submitted by an institution that is eligible to submit an integrated project application. LOIs must include:

i.  the specific program goal(s) (i.e., Climate-Smart Agriculture and Forestry, Bioeconomy, and/or Nutrition Security) being addressed by the project within the “specific objectives” section of the LOI;

ii.  description of the objectives and deliverables addressed by the project, including short, medium, and long-term objectives within the “specific objectives” section of the LOI; 

iii.    description of the scope of systems and justification of components under investigation within the “approach” section of the LOI;
iv.    description of how the project will be integrated (i.e., integrate research, education, and extension) within the “approach” section of the LOI;
v.    clear descriptions and justification of the methods for the transdisciplinary approach to be used to achieve the desired goal(s) also within the “approach” section of the LOI; and 
vi.    description of the short, medium, and long-term benefits to the food, forest, or agricultural system within the “potential impact and expected outcomes” of the LOI. 

What is the deadline for LOIs?

The LOIs for the AFRI Sustainable Agricultural Systems RFA should be emailed to The LOI deadline for Sustainable Agricultural Systems (A9201) is Thursday April 27, 2022 (5:00 p.m. Eastern Time).

Late submissions will not be accepted.

What information will be received after consideration of LOIs?

Applicants will receive an email either encouraging or discouraging them from submitting a full application. You will not receive reviewer comments or suggestions on your LOI. Notifications of LOI determinations will not go out until after the LOI deadline.

Application Questions

Where are application requirements detailed?

Application and submission information, including page limits and narrative font sizes for AFRI Sustainable Agricultural Systems RFA applications, are available at AFRI RFA Resources page (“2022 Sustainable Agricultural Systems RFA Additional Information for Part IV, C” in the attachments list), which is linked to from Part IV, C of the RFA.

Does the project team need to remain unchanged from the list submitted in our Letter of Intent?

We recognize that the participants may change as you develop a full proposal. That is allowed for this program, especially if it will build a more transdisciplinary team for applications to AFRI SAS . From the LOI to the proposal, the project title should remain the same as well as the goals and approach described in the LOI. Because an LOI is a requirement of this program, having the same title and planned project will allow us to identify your project as having submitted an associated LOI.

What is the allowed length/duration of the awards?

The duration of the award should be no more than five years  and should be commensurate with the work proposed. The award duration may be less than five years.

Are indirect costs allowed?

AFRI limits indirect costs to 30% of the total Federal funds awarded (or 42.857% of total direct costs) under each award. Indirect costs of subawards should be included when calculating indirect cost percentage of the application. When preparing budgets, you should limit your request for the recovery of indirect costs to the lesser of your institution’s official negotiated indirect cost rate or the equivalent of 30 percent of total Federal funds awarded. See Part V section 7.9 of the NIFA Application Guide for further indirect cost information.

Is a data management plan required?

Yes. For the guidelines on preparation and inclusion of a data management plan (DMP) in your application, see Data Management Plan for NIFA-Funded Research, Education and Extension Projects on the NIFA website. Also included on the web page are FAQs and information about accessing examples of DMPs. In addition, general guidelines for Data Management Planning for USDA agencies are available at the National Agricultural Library website.

Is a management plan required?

Yes. A Management Plan is required. The plan must include project governance, a stakeholder advisory board, involvement of an external evaluator, and progress reporting. See Part IV, C of the RFA for additional details. .

Is a logic model required in my application and where can I find a template?

Yes. A logic model is a required document for integrated project applications. For additional information on logic models, please see the Logic Model Planning Process page.

Can you give more specifics on the required external evaluator?

The external evaluator required for the SAS Program Area Priority refers to an evaluator who is external to the membership of the team listed on the proposal. Someone who is listed as a co-PD or investigator on the grant is not appropriate to serve as the external evaluator of the project. The external evaluator should have no role in the project, other than as the external evaluator. The external evaluator can be employed by a university participating on the proposal.

What is the deadline for applications?

The deadline for application submissions through the system to the AFRI Sustainable Agricultural Systems RFA is Thursday, July 28, 2022 (5:00 p.m. Eastern Time).

Applications for projects that did not successfully submit a letter of intent will not be reviewed. Late applications also will not be reviewed.

Do you have any general advice for applicants?

  •  Read the RFA carefully to make sure your application covers the required information and fits the program.
  • Applications must be for “fully” integrated projects, addressing research, education and extension, using either standard or strengthening Coordinated Agricultural Project (CAP) grants. Applications for any other grant type in the SAS  Program Area Priority will be returned without review.
  • The Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number is 10.310 and the CFDA title is Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI). The Funding Opportunity Number (FON) is USDA-NIFA-AFRI-007892. SAS Program Code Name uses Program Code A9201.
  • All documents in an application submission need to be saved as PDF. We do not accept Word documents as part of applications. Submission of incorrect file formats will result in your proposal being returned without review.
  • Detailed AFRI evaluation criteria are found on the AFRI RFA Resources page (“AFRI Review Criteria” in the attachments list) which is linked from Part V, B of the RFA. In addition to the requirements in the program description, the review criteria may be helpful in understanding what the peer review panel will be looking for A9201 applications, specifically the Integrated Projects section.
  • We advise that applications be submitted early in case of issues with, which can take some time to resolve.
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