Animal health and production and animal products

Study Provides Evidence of Parental Infanticide in a Grassland Bird Species

University of Illinois (UI) researchers are monitoring dickcissel nests as part of a larger ongoing study examining the effects of fire, grazing, and herbicide application on the grassland-dwelling species. In extremely rare cases, parents have been observed removing their own chicks from their nests. The new study documents the mysterious and fatal behavior in dickcissels for the first time.

OSU Study Clocks Low Time for Cattle Stream Use

Researchers at Oregon State University using precise tracking technology discovered that cattle spend less time in streams than prior believed.

Fluorescent Fish Making a Mark

Researchers at the University of Arkansas Pine Bluff (UAPB) tested the application of calcein, a fluorescent dye that produces visible external marks on fish, as a potential substitute for traditional chemicals.

Mucosal Environment of Older Pigs Helps Newborn Piglets with Intestinal Injury Recover

Researchers from North Carolina State University (NC State) have found that the intestinal mucosal environment of juvenile pigs can stimulate repair of intestinal injuries in newborn piglets. The findings have implications both for understanding why newborns of many species – including humans – are unable to repair these injuries on their own, as well as for potential future treatments.

Successful Transition Cow Program Could Save Iowa Farmers $1.2 Million

Dairy producers throughout Iowa were able to re-evaluate best management practices for their transition cow program. Project Director Jennifer Bentley notes that while transition cow management encompasses only 20-30 percent of a herd, it ultimately influences the milk production and health of 100 percent of the cows.

Researchers Investigate Influence of Heat Stress on Pig Fetal Development

Researchers at Iowa State University are investigating how heat stress can influence a pig’s fetal development and postnatal life, including the ability to develop and grow. NIFA originally published this impact in the NIFA 2015 Annual Report.

Researchers are Working to Improve Feed Efficiency in Beef Cattle

Animal science researchers at the University of Missouri are working to improve feed efficiency in beef cattle. NIFA originally published this impact in the 2015 Annual Report.

Supporting the Aquaculture Industry

A team of researchers from Washington State University and University of Idaho used a $325,000 grant from the NIFA-supported University of Washington-based Western Regional Aquaculture Center to investigate Coldwater Disease in salmon and trout.

What's Impacting the Manila Clam?

A research team from Washington’s Northwest Indian College and Oregon State University have determined that the clam population’s decline is caused by altered sulfur cycling and changes in the clam’s food supply.

Examining the Virulence of Salmonella

NIFA-funded researchers at the University of Maryland Eastern Shore (UMES) studied factors that affect antibiotic resistance and virulence of Salmonella during poultry processing.