Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Image of farmer with smart phone, courtesy of Getty Images.

Getting Started

The lifecycle of grants and cooperative agreements consists of four phases: Pre-Award, Award, Post-Award, and Close Out. NIFA’s Office of Grants and Financial Management provides support and guidance for award recipients during each of these phases.

Pre-Award

Grants Process

The Pre-Award phase begins with the announcement of funding opportunities for grants and involves the preparation, submission, and review of proposals to those announcements.

  • Search — Search for grants and cooperative agreements
  • Apply — Apply for a grant at Grants.gov
  • Review — NIFA reviews your application

Award

The Award phase involves making funding decisions and notifying awardees of their selection for a grant.

  • Response — Applicants are notified of the funding decision
  • Processing — NIFA reviews, approves, and sends award documents to awardees

Post-Award

The Post-Award phase involves setting up accounts in the financial payment system and monitoring awardees for compliance with applicable laws, regulations, policies, and submission of required reports.

  • Payments — Awardee sets up an account in the Automated Standard Application for Payments (ASAP) system to receive funding
  • Monitoring — Awardee and NIFA each monitor grant activities to ensure compliance with specific program policies, regulations, and required reporting, including annual accomplishments reports

Close Out

The close-out phase of the grant lifecycle involves the submission, review, and approval of all final reports as required by specific program policies and regulations.

  • Reporting — Awardee submits the final federal financial report and final technical report
  • Review and Approval — NIFA reviews and approves final financial and technical reports for regulatory compliance and quality of final technical accomplishment descriptions
Website Survey CTA Image Desktop

Your feedback is important to us.