Ukraine Commercial Agriculture Development Program, 1996 - 1999
The Ukraine Commercial Agriculture Development Program (CADP) provided direct, practical assistance to the hard-pressed Ukrainian private farmer. The 3-year program, funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), ended in September of 1999. Its purpose was to assist in the development of private agriculture in Ukraine. CADP, in collaboration with USAID-funded contractors, successfully developed farmer cooperatives that facilitated the availability of needed inputs and services and enhanced the financial success of private sector agriculture. The CADP used the technical resources of USDA (primarily the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service and its associated universities) to help increase both the number and economic viability of truly private farms in selected areas.
The project resulted in four private, registered farmer cooperatives in the Odessa Oblast, in accordance with Ukraine's new law on cooperatives. These cooperatives provide services and inputs to nearly 100 cooperative members, private farmers, and family household plot owners in the respective regions. CADP advisors also helped organize 10 groups of private farmers in Kiev, Mickolaev, Poltava, Crimea, Ternople, Donetsk, and Volin Oblasts.
Success of the CADP in organization of the Odessa cooperative demonstrated that the pilot project could be replicated in other areas of Ukraine. Farmer-owned and operated cooperatives and associations have the potential to greatly enhance the production and profitability of private farms and household plots throughout Ukraine.
Project emphases included establishing cooperative service centers to provide farmers with desperately needed inputs, equipment, and credit. Six extension specialists from U.S. cooperating universities served in five regions in Ukraine. Working in collaboration with private farmer associations, agricultural universities and institutes, and the Ukrainian Ministry of Agriculture, the teams provided training in farm management, marketing, and business planning—all aimed at helping private farmers work effectively in a market economy.