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Man and woman cutting vegetables, Adobe Stock


A healthy diet is the foundation for overall health and well-being. Making informed food choices, in addition to being physically active, can help people attain and maintain a healthy weight, reduce the risk of chronic disease, and promote health. 

Importance of Nutrition

Research consistently shows the links between diet and health, risk for disease, and quality of life. Americans are now eating 30 percent more calories than 40 years ago – including over 55 percent more fats and oils. The average American eats 15 more pounds of sugar a year than in the 1970s. The overall health of Americans is threatened by growing obesity levels that lead to increased risk of heart disease, diabetes, stroke, and certain types of cancer.

NIFA’s Impact

NIFA supports research and educational efforts that encourage Americans to make more informed food choices and become more physically active. We are committed to helping rural, low-income, minority, and at-risk Americans live healthy lives. 

NIFA initiatives provide:

  • Community-based nutrition education programs that help individuals, families, and communities make informed choices about food and lifestyles
  • Education, resources, and support to help low-income families and at-risk communities improve nutrition
  • Research that addresses the science of human health and food
  • Resources to help individuals living with diabetes make sound nutritional choices

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